ITALY: VENETO: BELLUNO
- מידע כללי || היהודים
בונציה || History
of the Jewish Ghetto in Venice || Synagogues
|| Jewish Community
Contact Info || Kosher
Establishments || Jewish
Cemetery || Hotels||
Jewish Connection || בלונו
Belluno, General Info: The
Province || Geography || The Conca
Bellunese || The Feltrino || L'Agordino
|| The Alpago || The Zoldano || The
Cadore || Famous People from the Province of Belluno ||
Belluno City, Capital of the Province || The
History of Belluno City || Principle Monuments and
|BELLUNO - THE
|DONATI, MARCO -
|Italian lawyer; born in Padua Sept. 4, 1842; died at Terni June 11,
1901. Before he had completed his academic career he left the
university in order to fight under Garibaldi. He served in the war
with distinction, and on his return completed his law studies, and
then opened an office at Padua, where he soon became one of the most
popular lawyers. For many years he sat in the Italian Chamber,
representing first Belluno and then
Conegliano. For some years he was president of the Jewish community of
Padua. He was created commander of the Order of the Crown of Italy.
|Donati published a small volume on the art of advocacy and a
memorial oration on King Humbert I.
בגובה של 390 מ'
מעל פני הים,
כן היא משמש
הרומים ב 180
במאה ה 12.
ברבוסה. ב 1420
איטליה. ב 1797
על יד בלונו.
ב 1808 כיבד
עברית כרך ח',
1. The Province
The Province of Belluno borders with:
the Provinces of Bolzano and with Austria to the
the Province of Udine to the east;
the Province of Treviso to the south; and
the Province of Trento to the west.
The territory of the Province of Belluno is mostly mountainous
from the Pre-Alps of Belluno to the Dolomite Mountains and the
Carniche Alps. The Province can be subdivided into the zones
3. The Conca Bellunese
The Conca Bellunese is a basin that is surrounded by
the Pre-Alps of Belluno which culminate with Col Visentin (1761 m)
and by the first line of the Dolomite Alps with the group of
mountains known as the Schiara (2563 m).
At the heart of this pleasant valley, which opens to
the Piave River, we find Belluno City, protected by the mountains,
which look onto the plain on one side, and on the other at a vast,
slightly rolling plateau.
4. The Feltrino
The Feltrino is a fertile and hilly area that
extends to the south east of the Conca of Belluno with the summits
of the Feltrine Mountains, which culminate in Monte Pavione (2563
In the middle of this pleasant basin rises the City
of Feltre with the Feltrine Dolomite Mountains serving as a
backdrop. This is a beautiful and industrious city which was founded
by the Veneti about 1000 BC. This flourishing Roman town was
destroyed and rebuilt several times. It fought fiercely to maintain
its independence and fell to the Serenissima (the Republic of
Venice) after its last destruction in 1509. Following this came a
period of great prosperity. It is rich in monuments that commemorate
the its Venetian domination.
Not too far away from Feltre is Pedavena, famous for its beer and
its incomparable belvedere of Col Melon.
The Agordino is to the northwest of Belluno City and is
distinguished by the variety in its geography. It is inhabited by an
industrious people that speak a dialect, which is a mixture of a
Latin base mixed with Veneto. It is comprised of numerous valleys
and also by the very long valley of the Cordevole Torrent, rich in
pastures and forests. Large boulders, rocky peaks and cliffs, which
are intersected by smaller valleys from which white water descends,
surround this valley.
The tallest peaks include the Agner (2,871 m), Mount Civetta
(3,218 m), the Marmolada (3,342 m) and Sella (3,151 m).
There are numerous and renowned holiday centers such as Agordo,
Frassenč, Cencenighe, Falcade, and Alleghe.
The Alpago area is a vast basin to the north east of Belluno
City. Here we find the Lake of Santa Croce surrounded by very high
mountain peaks, which culminate with Monte Cavallo (2,250 m). It is
also known as the "Garden of the Dolomites" for the
serenity of its picturesque scenery. The darkness of the great
forest of the Cansiglio and the sky blue of the lake completes the
welcoming beauty. It is in the forest that most of the inhabitants
find work. Besides harvesting many species of wood such as red and
white fir, larch and beech, there are hundreds of tonnes of
mushrooms that are collected, transported and sold down in the
From this thousand-year-old forest, the Republic of Venice
selected trees to build its ships that sailed to conquer the markets
of the Orient.
Pieve di Alpago and Ponte nelle Alpi are the more famous vacation
sites of this area.
The Zoldano, or the valley of Zoldo, is situated between the
Cadore (see below) and the Agordino. It combines the beauty of both
these zones. The valley is narrow at first between vertical slopes
and then opens to vast green fields surrounded by forests and
dominated by the peaks of Monte Civetta (3,218 m) and Monte Pelmo
(3,168 m). It is a scene of sweet serenity, almost romantic. Mount
Pelmo is known to the locals as the "Caregon del Signor"
or the "chair of the Lord" because of its majestic size
and armchair-like form.
To the east of the valley we find Longarone, site of the terrible
disaster of October 1963. An enormous rockslide fell into the
artificial lake of the Vaiont creating an enormous wave, which
spilled over the dam and crashed into the valley below destroying in
short order the towns found in its path. The reconstruction and
bright future of this area are testimony to the fervent love that
the people have for their land.
Well known are Forno di Zoldo, where at one time iron found in
the valley was worked and Selva di Cadore, a renowned centre for
summer and winter stopover.
The Cadore is another marvelous alpine region, perhaps the most
enchanting for its grandiosity and beautiful scenery. This land has
a particular fascination, also because it is famous in history for
the battles that were fought here, for its art and for the genius of
Tiziano Vecellio, one of the greatest painters of all time. The
Cadore boasts of splendid chains of Dolomite Mountains as well as
several of the most beautiful alpine lakes. Among these lakes is the
stupendous Lake of Misurina, which seems to have been set, by
miracle, between the mountains.
This region is surrounded by the bold peaks of the dolomite
mountains, strange looking pinnacles, spires and towers that rise
above splendid valleys. The Cadore offers every type of tourist
activity: hunting, fishing and comfortable alpine lodges, which
allow for unforgettable hiking and excursions.
The following are some of the more famous places of the Cadore.
Cortina d'Ampezzo, a centre which attracts many tourists, it is
situated in the largest and most beautiful sun drenched valleys of
the Dolomites. The purity of its climate and its attractive panorama
have given it international fame and the nickname of "Regina
delle Dolomiti" or Queen of the Dolomites".
Pieve di Cadore is the historic, artistic and cultural centre of
this area. Pieve is rightly glorified as the homeland of Tiziano
Vecellio. One can find the birthplace of this artist and a monument
erected in his honour in the Piazza that bears his name.
San Vito di Cadore is situated in a splendid place with its
hotels and villas in the middle of a beautiful amphitheater of
Auronzo is a well-visited vacation spot in both summer and
Santo Stefano di Cadore is the capital or the Comelico, that is
of Upper Cadore. Among the tallest and better known peaks of the
Cadore we find: the Antelao (3,263 m), the Sorapis (3,205 m), the
Tofane (3,242 m), the Cristallo (3,221 m) and the Popera (3,405 m).
9. Famous People
from the Province of Belluno
Vittorino da Feltre (1378 - 1446): Pedagogue and Educator.
Panfilo Castaldi, from Feltre (1398 - 1479): Doctor and Literary.
Cornelio Castaldi, from Feltre (1463 - 1537): Jurist and
Tiziano Vecellio, from Pieve di Cadore (1477 - 1576): One of the
more important Italian painters.
Andrea Brustolon, from Belluno City (1662 - 1732): Wood Sculptor,
the "Michelangelo of wood sculpting"
Aristide Gabelli, (1830 - 1891): Famous Pedagogue
Belluno City is situated on a great spur of rock on the
confluence of the Ardo Torrent and the Piave River. It is a gracious
city which preserves in many streets and in many fortified homes its
ancient and proud medieval aspect.
From various parts of the city, one can admire the panorama of a
beautiful crown of mountains, which announce to the tourist the
enchantment of an area, that is one of the most fascinating of all
The origins of Belluno City are very old. It existed before the
Romans conquered the Veneto.
With the fall of the Roman Empire, "Bellunum" was
invaded by the Eruli, the Ostrogoti, the Longobardi and the Franchi.
In 1176, it frees itself from the German Emperor, Frederick
Barbarossa and becomes part of the Lega Lombarda.
From 1288 and onward, the City is successively occupied by
Ezzelino da Romano, the Carraresi, the Scaglieri, Carlo do Boemia,
Lodovico il Bavaro, Carlo IV, the Dukes of Austria and the
In 1404, the City voluntarily submits itself to Venice which
ruled uninterrupted up to 1797, the year in which it was occupied by
Napoleon and then by the Austrians. In 1866, it was liberated and
joined to the Realm of Italy.
During the First World War, Belluno falls once more under
Austrian occupation in 1917 until November 1, 1918. For its great
resistance against invasion, the flag of Belluno bears the Cross of
War. For its valour during the last World War, it was given the Gold
Medal for Military Valour.
Among its many monuments, there are the following of note.
- The church of San Rocco, constructed in 1530 and found in the
- Through the Porta Dante, there is the monumental centre of
Belluno where one can see the most artistic buildings of the
- The Palazzo Comunale
- The Palazzo del Tribunale
- The Duomo from the 16th Century which hoses many works of
sculpture and painting
- The small church of Madonna delle Grazie from the 15th
Century, now the baptistery
- The Civic Museum, with its collection of paintings from
the Scuola Veneta
- The Palazzo dei Vescovi, with its very modern Auditorium
- The Palazzo dei Rettori, elegant building from the
- The Torre Civica from the 12th Century.
- As well, one cannot miss the Saint Stephen's, a gothic style
church with many works of art inside.