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- General Info || Veneto Links
- VENETO - general
- Veneto is located on the north-east of continental Italy, between Alps
and the Adriatic sea. Borders on Austria and Trentino-Alto
Adige (north), Friuli-Venezia-Julia (east), Trentino-Alto
Adige and Lombardy (west) and Emilia-Romagna
- The climate on the most of territory is continental. The temperature
is higher in the sea cost parts, in the pre-Alpine and Garda zones.
- Till the 50's of XX century his region was one of the poorest among
the north-Italian regions. For a long time continued emigration flow to
other parts of the country (Milan
and Turin). In the last decades the
industrial development made Veneto one of the regions with dynamic
- The mountain parts of the region remained "the weak area",
conserving its original characteristics and depopulated. Only in
locality of Belluno situated in amazingly beautiful place the situation
is improved thanks to tourism and construction industries (banks, big
hotels), luxury shops, etc.).
- The plain zones are to the south of region; Venetian lagoon is located
to the south-east on the Adriatic cost. The rivers of the region
are Po, Adige, Bacchiglione, Tagliamento, Naviglio di Brenta. The lakes:
Garda, Misurina, Auronzo, Santa Croce, Pieve di Cadore, Alleghe. The
mountain passageways are Rolle, Sella, Pordoi, Falzarego, Tre Croci.
- The principal highway lies between Verona
and Venezia reaching
Trieste. The important road and railway knots are Verona
(Bologna-Brennero and Milano-Venezia)
and Padua. Venice
is the most important Adriatic port and is the 3rd in Italy after Genoa
and Naples. The Porto Marghera is important industrial port serving to
- Agriculture and breeding
- The agriculture of the region progressed a lot during the past 20-30
years. The territory of Veneto is still dominated by little farmer
property and agriculture is mixed. The other phenomenon is part-time
work in agricultural sector, that is after the working-day on a factory
people cultivate their private pieces of land. Among the principle
plants should be noticed: maize, green pea, vegetables, apple, cherry,
sugar beet, forage, tobacco, hemp. In the hill zones is spread the
production of grape and excellent wines. Very well developed the
breeding of cattle and fishing.
- Thanks to ancient traditional artisan activities industry takes its
origins from the past century in some pre-Alpine valleys. During the
last 30-40 years industrialization changed the look of numerous
landscapes, especially in the plain, where grew hundreds of industrial
complexes. In zones if Marghera and Mestre
were built metallurgical and chemical plants. In other parts of the
region were affirmed little and medium activities in various sectors:
food, textile, chemistry, metal-mechanics, glass, electrotechnics, sight
glasses (exported). Artisan production is also quite strong: Muran
glass, laces of Burano and gold production of Vicenza. Apart from
agriculture and industry should be noticed such activities as commerce,
banking and tourism.
- Nearly half of the population of the region lives in the communes with
less than 10 000 inhabitants. Here none of the cities obtained the
absolute pre-eminence of population unlike in Lombardy and Piedmont with
their Milan and Turin. But the coordination functions inside of the
region are managed mostly from Padua
and Venice, having well
developed network of offices, banks and services.
- During past 30-40 years Veneto obtained quite high level of welfare,
so nearly on the whole territory of the region people live good enough.
The only exceptions are the mountain zones not touched by the progress
in tourism and ... Venice. This city so popular in all over the world
and always full of tourists created three most important inconveniences
for the inhabitants: the cost of life is very high, the quantity of
working places is very limited, lack of houses in rent. All this
explains the rapid depopulation of Venice.
- Inhabitants of the region spend little for newspapers, journals
and TV, preferring to communicate between themselves. But they are
on the 4th place in Italy by the participation in sportive
manifestations, performances and various entertainment activities.
- Some of the public services in Veneto are very well functioning
(medical assistance). Less satisfactory is the sector of schools,
because the percent of people who finished high school and college or
University is smaller than average Italian one. The level of reported
crimes in Veneto is definitely much lower than in other northern and
central regions. Here is the greatest in northern Italy number of
marriages celebrated with religious rite, and it is the region with the
smallest quantity of legal divorces per 100 000 inhabitants.
- Provinces and Communes
- The territory of the region is divided into seven provinces: Venezia,
Belluno, Padua, Rovigo,
Treviso, Verona, and
Vicenza, including 580 communes.