MOLDOVA JEWISH COMMUNITY: ANTISEMITISM, JEWISH EDUCATION, KASHRUT AUTHORITIES, KOSHER FOOD, MIKVAH, MOLDOVA RELATED LINKS, ADOPTION, ALIYAH, JEWISH LINKS, JEWISH CEMETERIES, CHABAD MOLDOVA, CONTACT INFO, HILLEL, HOLOCAUST, JEWISH COMMUNITIES, JEWISH KISHINEV, MAP OF KISHINEV, CONSULATES, SYNAGOGUES, ISRAEL RELATIONS  הקהילה היהודית במולדובה: אוכל כשר, מקווה, בית כנסת חב"ד, בתי ספר יהודיים, אנטישמיות, שואה, הסטוריה יהודית, קישינב     
   
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MOLDOVA: ANTISEMITISM

USA to Russian Tsar: Stop Your Cruel Oppression of the Jews, 1904. Chromolithograph.
USA to Russian Tsar: Stop Your Cruel Oppression of the Jews, 1904. Chromolithograph.

ליתוגרפיה בעקבות הפוגרום ב-1903: באיור נראה "יהודי רוסי" הסוחב על גבו שק כבד הנושא את הכיתוב "דיכוי". מן השק משתלשלות משקולות שעליהן התוויות "אוטוקרטיה", "שוד‎", "אכזריות", "התנקשות", "הולכת-שולל" ו"רצח". ברקע, מימין, נראה יישוב יהודי עולה באש. משמאל נראים נשיא ארצות הברית תאודור רוזוולט וצאר ניקולאי השני.
 

In 1903, a young Christian Russian boy, Michael Ribalenko, was found murdered in the town of Dabossary (Dubasari in Romanian), about 25 miles north-east of Kishinev; the town is situated on the left bank of the river Dniester , and formally was not a part of Bessarabia. Although it was clear that the boy had been killed by a relative (who was later found), the government chose to call it a ritual murder plot by the Jews. The mobs were incited by Pavel Krushevan , the editor of the Russian Language Anti-Semitic newspaper "Bessarabian", and the vice-governor Ustrugov. They used the age-old calmny against the Jews (that the boy had been killed to use his blood  in preparation of matzo ).

Viacheslav Plehve, the Minister of Interior, supposedly gave orders not to stop the rioters. However the pogrom lasted for three days, without the intervention of the police. Forty seven (some say 49) Jews were killed, 92 severely wounded, 500 slightly wounded and over 700 houses destroyed. Despite a world outcry, only two men were sentenced to seven and five years and twenty-two were sentenced for one or two years. This program  is considered the first state-inspired action against Jews in the 20th century and was instrumental in convincing tens of thousands of Russian Jews to leave the Russian Empire and to the United States and Palestine.

Many of the younger Jews, including Mendel Portugali, made an effort to defend the community.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Jews_in_Moldova

  1. Moldova Desecration of Holocaust Memorial in Bendery - September 12, 2008

  2. Orhei, Moldova ShtetLink - April 2008

  3. Jews in Chisinau victims of anti-semitism - August 4, 2007

  4. US State Dept supervisor lectures on Transnistria Holocaust - March 10, 2007

  5. Moldova: Treatment and public perception of Jews in Moldova and the availability of state protection to them - January 23, 2006

  6. Antisemitism and Racism - Moldova 2006

  7. Antisemitism and Racism - Moldova 2005

  8. Report on Global Anti-Semitism, December 30, 2004

  9. OSCE Conference on Anti-Semitism - Berlin, 28-29 April, 2004

  10. Moldova leader hands over Holocaust files to Israel - November 23, 2004

  11. Anti-Semitism in Moldova - 2003/2004

  12. How to Document Victims and Locate Survivors of the Holocaust - 1995

  13. The Virtual Jewish History Tour - Moldova

  14. NCSJ: Moldova

  15. Kishinev Pogroms, 1903
  16. Kishinev 1903 Pogroms - Victims 
  17. Korolenko Describes the Kishinev Pogrom of 1903
  18. Kishinev 1903
  19. Russia Pogroms 1903
  20. History and Voices - of the Tragedy in Romania
     and Transnistria: The Pogroms In Bessarabia
  21. Jews in Russia - Kishinev Pogroms 1903
  22. Bibliography - The Pogroms in Kishinev 1903
  23. Victims of Pogrom 1903 Memorial 
  24. Increased intolerance and anti-Semitism in Moldova
  25. Monument in Memory of Victims of Notorious Pogroms
    Dedicated in State Ceremony in Kishinev on 100th 
    Anniversary 
  26. Anti-Semits in Mayorate? The Chisinau Education
    Department is trying to close down the unique in Moldova traditional Jewish feeding program (Koshrut)
  27. The History of Moldova
  28. History of the Jews in Moldova - Wikipedia
  29. הנשיא קצב במולדובה: באירופה עדיין יש אנטישמיות - 10 ביולי, 2003

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