JEWISH AND KOSHER FRANCE הקהילה היהודית בצרפת: בתי כנסת, בתי חב"ד, אוכל כשר, מסעדות כשרות, מקוואות, מלונות כשרים, ועוד    
   
  FRANCE  
 

SYNAGOGUES IN EPINAL, FRANCE:

JEWISH AND KOSHER FRANCE: THE EPINAL SYNAGOGUE. The Jewish community numbered about 400 people Epinal. The synagogue, built in 1863 was destroyed in 1940 and most members of the community were exterminated.

Epinal is a town situated in the Vosges, south of Lorraine, near Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany and Switzerland.
The city is bisected by the Moselle.

The war and the occupation

After the invasion of Poland by Germany on 1 September 1939, France and the United Kingdom declared war on Germany September 3, 1939.
520 000 were evacuated from the French border areas between the Maginot Line and Germany.
Nazi Germany invaded France, Belgium, Luxembourg, yet neutral, and the Netherlands May 10, 1940.

The government is helpless folds in Bordeaux from June 11 France was invaded. It is the exodus to the south. Council President Paul Reynaud, was forced to resign. Marshal Petain then forms a new government and get the full power July 10, 1940. The Republic is abolished.

In June 1940, the bridges of Epinal defended by French troops in retreat jumped.

On June 14, 1940, German troops marched in Paris on the Champs-Elysees. 20, they are in Brest, 22 in La Rochelle, Lyon

June 22, 1940, France signed the Armistice crushed.
The Germans set up a series of measures to limit the territory the movement of people and freight and postal traffic between two major areas bounded by the line separating the free zone where government authority is exercised Vichy, the area occupied by the Germans.
 
The proscribed plan
Men, women, children, families, French or foreign, are hunted down and persecuted as Jews. They will be deported en masse to the east and exterminated. Very few survive. Gypsies were interned in French camps.
Freemasons and Communists, regarded as "undesirables" are removed from their positions within the administration, pursued, arrested and interned.
From 1943, refractories STO go underground. Some join the resistance fighters also hunted.

The Jewish community numbered about 400 people Epinal. The synagogue, built in 1863 was destroyed in 1940 and most members of the community were exterminated.

Nearly 76,000 Jews whose more than 11 000 children are arrested and deported from France, including 38,000 in Paris.
 

1944

In 1944, aerial bombardment damaged the station area of Epinal and burned several public buildings.

From 19 to 24 September 1944, U.S. troops of General Alexander Patch dislodge the enemy and liberate the city. During the struggle, the bridge explosion was so strong that all buildings and shops along the banks of the Moselle had to suffer.


TRANSLATED FROM FRENCH TO ENGLISH WITH GOOGLE TRANSLATION
Sources: http://www.ajpn.org/commune-epinal-88160.html

---

Epinal - Synagogue
Rue Charlet
Epinal, France
Tel:
Mr Haim Elkaďm, Ministre officiant, Epinal - 03 29 82 25 23
Mr Henri Chriqui, Président de la Communauté Israëlite, Les Forges 03 29 35 64 86
Last updated on: October 25, 2010
Please update us!

Read: Jews in Vosges

--

Sources:

---

JEWISH AND KOSHER FRANCE:

  1. CHABAD CENTERS

  2. GENERAL INFO

  3. JEWISH CEMETERIES 

  4. JEWISH LINKS

  5. KASHRUT AUTHORITIES

  6. KOSHER ESTABLISHMENTS

  7. KOSHER HOTELS

  8. MIKVAOT

  9. SYNAGOGUES 

  10. CORSICA