JEWISH AND KOSHER FRANCE הקהילה היהודית בצרפת: בתי כנסת, בתי חב"ד, אוכל כשר, מסעדות כשרות, מקוואות, מלונות כשרים, ועוד    
   
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SYNAGOGUES IN BOUZONVILLE, FRANCE:

Bouzonville - Synagogue
Rue des Benedictins
Bouzonville, France
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Website: http://www.mairie-bouzonville.fr/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=13&Itemid=7
Last updated on: October 24, 2010
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At Bouzonville, the Jewish community was established in the late seventeenth or early eighteenth century, and maintained by the edict of Leopold in 1721. The census of 1705, includes a BLUE Lyons (BLOCH), based in Bouzonville since 1689. In the census of 1717, we note the presence of Leo, Michael and Mayer BLOCH. BLOCH lion is the ancestor of most BLOCH Bouzonville up and around Saarlouis.
 
In 1726, the seven heads of family and Jewish Bouzonville Freistroff obtain by lease from Duke provost, the revenue collector and an attorney-trustee, lease of land (on the coast Alzing) for use as a cemetery. They undertake, in addition to payment of annual rent, to pay a tax of 10 francs for "burial of each foreign body in the community."

Two of the heads of families, and Mayor Michael PLOCK PLOG (Michael Mayer and BLOCH) sign in French, which is rare at the time, and shows some adaptation to French culture. The community is growing throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth century, settling in a community twin of the nearby village Vaudreching.

A synagogue and Vaudreching Bouzonville town was built in the early nineteenth century and completely restored in 1907. It was inaugurated with great pomp. It was completely destroyed by the Germans in 1940. The present synagogue was rebuilt on the same location as the old one and opened November 13, 1960.

 
Before the Second World War, there were 40 to 50 Jewish families. Their main activities were trade of livestock and grains, not to mention several ritual butcher, but also clothing and fabric stores, tobacconist, drugstore. The community was then very traditionalist. However, parents had the habit of sending their children to Catholic schools of the Sisters of Providence.
 
The inhabitants of Bouzonville, including of course the Jews were evacuated at the outbreak of war in 1939 to Chauvigny in Vienna. In spring 1944, 14 Jewish families were lucky to escape a roundup of the militia through three brave people Chauvigny whose mayor, Jacques toulat and two constables, Camille Thibault and Alain Bonneau, they are also called " Righteous Among the Nations "(Yad Vashem).

About twenty people were victims of the Nazis and perished in the camps. Note the extraordinary case of Charles Krameisen only survivor after being thrown into a well with many other Jews including his wife Martha to Guerry (18) near Saint-Amand-Montrond. After the war, the decline of the Jewish community has made relatively quickly, given the deaths of the older and the fact that the younger generation has moved to larger towns.

Source: About the Jewish Community of Bouzonville

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