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Tyler is a city in and the
county seat of
Texas, in the
United States. It takes its name
President John Tyler
. The city had a population
of 109,000 in 2010, according to the
United States Census Bureau. Tyler
is the principal city of the
Tyler Metropolitan Statistical Area,
with a population of 209,714 in 2010, and the regional center of the
Tyler-Jacksonville combined statistical area,
with a population of 260,559 in 2010.
Tyler has the nickname "Rose Capital of the Nation"
. It gained this name due to the large quantity of rose
bushes processed through the area, along with hosting
America's largest rose garden
In 1985, the international
Adopt-a-Highway movement originated
in Tyler when, after appeals by local
Texas Department of Transportation
officials, the local
Civitan chapter adopted a 2-mile
(3-km) stretch of
U.S. Highway 69. Tyler is also home
Caldwell Zoo and
Broadway Square Mall.
Tyler is located at
Elevation: 544 feet (166 m). Tyler is surrounded by many smaller
New Chapel Hill,
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the
city has a total area of 54.4 square miles (140.8 Square kilometres),
of which, 54.2 square miles (140.5 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square
miles (0.3 km²) of it is water.
Tyler enjoys weather typical of
East Texas, which is unpredictable,
especially in the spring time. All of East Texas has the
humid subtropical climate typical
of the Southeast in
The record high for Tyler is
(44 °C), which occurred on
July 31, 1921. The record low for Tyler is
(−19 °C), which occurred on
January 18, 1930.
As of the
, there were 109,000 people residing in the city.
population density was 1,782.0
people per square mile (688.0/km²). There were 41,742 housing units
at an average density of 716.7 per square mile (276.7/km²). The
racial makeup of the city was 60.5%
African American, 0.5%
Native American, 1.9%
Pacific Islander, 10.3% from
other races, and 2.0% from two or
more races. 21.2% of the population were
Latino of any race.
In addition to its role in the rose-growing
industry, Tyler is the headquarters for
Brookshire Grocery Company, which
operates Brookshire's, Fresh and Super 1 Foods, and Ole!
supermarkets in four states. The company's main distribution center
is located in south Tyler, while SouthWest Foods, a subsidiary that
produces dairy products, is located just north-east of the city.
Adams Engineering has also made its headquarters in Tyler.
According to the City's 2008 Comprehensive Annual
the top ten employers in the city are:
The manufacturing sector includes:
- Tyler Pipe, a subsidiary of
McWane Inc. that produces soil
and utility pipe products
Trane, a business of
Ingersoll-Rand, formerly a unit
American Standard Companies,
air conditioners and
heat pumps (this plant was
originally built in 1955 by
Carrier, which manufactures
- Delek Refining, an Israeli owned oil
refinery formerly dba La Gloria Oil and Gas Co (a Crown Central
- Ferguson Beauregard, an operating company
Dover Corporation that
specializes in equipment for the measurement and production of
natural gas using the plunger lift method.
- DYNAenergetics Tyler Distribution Center,
DYNAenergetics USA, which
manufactures perforating equipment and explosives for the oil
and gas industry.
- Vesuvius USA, a division of
Cookson Group that manufactures
refractory ceramics used in the
- Cavender's Boot City, a large regional
western wear retailer and manufacture.
Also produced in Tyler are John Soules Foods'
fajita and other meat products, Greenberg's Smoked Turkeys, Distant
Lands Coffee Roasters coffee, Tyler Candle Co. jar candles, Tyler
Products, and a variety of small high-tech businesses including
Synthesizers.com, F3 Technology Solutions, Wood Networks, Group M7,
CBI, Power-Up, and Arrick Robotics.
Tyler is also a major medical center which
serves the city as well as the surrounding East Texas area.
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