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  JEWISH AND KOSHER TEXAS, USA    הקהילה היהודית ומסעדות כשרות בטקסס, ארצות הברית

JEWISH AND KOSHER UNITED STATES   הקהילה היהודית בארצות הברית

 
 
 
  TEXAS, USA  
 

JEWISH PARIS, TEXAS:

  1. JEWISH CEMETERIES
Paris, Texas is a city located 98 miles (158 km) northeast of the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex in Lamar County, Texas, in the United States. It is situated in Northeast Texas at the western edge of the Piney Woods. Physiographically, these regions are part of the West Gulf Coastal Plain.  In 1900, 9,358 people lived in Paris; in 1910, 11,269; in 1920, 15,040; and in 1940, 18,678. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 25,171. It is the county seat of Lamar County and serves as a business and employment center for the county.

The film Paris, Texas by Wim Wenders was named after the city, but was not set there.

Local residents like the humorous slogan "Second Largest Paris in the World." Following a tradition of American cities named "Paris", a 65-foot (20 m) replica of the Eiffel Tower was constructed in 1993. In 1998, presumably as a response to the 1993 construction of a 70-foot (21 m) tower in Paris, Tennessee, the city placed a giant red cowboy hat atop the tower. The current tower is at least the second Eiffel Tower replica built in Paris; the first was constructed of wood and later destroyed by a tornado.

It is governed by a city council as specified in the city's charter adopted in 1948. It has fewer than 100 police officers, and fewer than 100 fire fighters. It is rated Risk Zone 1 for earthquake potential, the lowest rating.

Transportation

Paris has long been a railroad center. The Texas and Pacific reached town in 1876; the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway (later merged into the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway) and the St. Louis - San Francisco Railway in 1887; the Texas Midland (later Southern Pacific) in 1894; and the Paris and Mount Pleasant (Pa-Ma Line) in 1910.

Modern city rating

Paris, Texas was named "Best Small Town in Texas" in 1998 by Kevin Heubusch in his book The New Rating Guide to Life in America's Small Cities.

Elder Care

Paris, Texas declared itself to be a "geriatric" retirement community  in the last year promoting itself to be a place for the elderly to come to pass away. This has led to an increase in assisted care and nursing facilities. The side effect of this is that very little investment has or will occur for families that do locate there.

Urban renewal

Paris, Texas has demolished a huge amount of housing in the last 5 or so years. Many apartment facilities have also been vacated and/or demolished. This has led to a huge loss of low priced rental property and many families have left the city, as the price of rental property has skyrocketed. One apartment complex was completely gutted by fire recently.  Texas municipalities have recently stopped bull dozing peoples property as there is a far reaching lawsuit taking place that could lead to huge damages on behalf of the plaintiff.

Employment

Paris, Texas has undergone some business hardships in recent years with many jobs lost to the recession. Philips lighting, Paris Industries, Rogers Wade, Paris Feed Mill, Paris Seed Refinery, Blockbuster, Starbucks and Furrs Diner have all closed and Sara Lee have announced their closure. Campbell Soup have cut back to three thermal production lines and have scaled back employment and laid off numerous maintenance staff.  Turner pipe are embroiled in a Federal racial employment lawsuit  and have reduced operations in Paris. Employers such as Kimberly Clark, Paris Regional Medical Center and other health care industries, Paris Junior College, and multiple school systems located in Paris, TX still have operations. There is new company Daisy Farms, that will add a few additional jobs.

Geography and weather

Paris is located at 33°39′45″N 95°32′52″W / 33.6625°N 95.54778°W / 33.6625; -95.54778 (33.662508, −95.547692).

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.4 square miles (115 km2), of which, 42.8 square miles (111 km2) of it is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) of it (3.74%) is water.

Paris is located in "Tornado Alley", an area largely centered on the middle of the United States which sees tornadoes frequently. Paris is in USDA plant hardiness zone 7b for winter temperatures. This is cooler than its southern neighbor Dallas, Texas, and while similar to Atlanta, Georgia, it has warmer summertime temperatures. Summertime average highs reach 94 f and 95 °F (35 °C) in July and August, with associated lows of 72 and 71. Winter temperatures drop to an average high of 51 and low of 30 in January. The highest temperature on record was 115, set in August 1936, and the record low was −5, set in 1930. Average precipitation is 47.82 inches (1,215 mm). Snow is not unusual, but is by no means predictable, and years can pass with no snowfall at all.

On April 2, 1982, Paris was hit by an F4 tornado that destroyed more than 1,500 homes,  left ten people dead, 170 injured and 3,000 homeless.  The damage toll from this tornado was estimated at 50 million USD in 1982.

Demographics

As of the 2010 United States Census there are 25,171 people. As of the census  of 2000, there were 25,898 people, 10,570 households, and 6,711 families residing in the city. The population density was 605.7 people per square mile (233.9/km˛). There were 11,777 housing units at an average density of 275.5 per square mile (106.4/km˛). The racial makeup of the city was 72.92% White, 22.26% African American, 0.95% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.56% from other races, and 1.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.12% of the population.

There were 10,570 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% are classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau. Of 10,570 households, 385 are unmarried partner households: 349 heterosexual, 14 same-sex male, and 22 same-sex female households. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 86.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,438, and the median income for a family was $34,916. Males had a median income of $29,378 versus $20,080 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,137. About 16.5% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 15.9% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

In the past, Paris was a major cotton exchange, and while cotton is still farmed on the lands around Paris, it is no longer the economic force that it once was.

Paris has one major hospital split on two campuses: Paris Regional Medical Center South (formerly St. Joseph's Hospital) and Paris Regional Medical Center North (formerly McCuistion Regional Medical Center). It serves as center for healthcare for much of Northeast Texas and Southeast Oklahoma. Both campuses are now operated jointly under the name of the Paris Regional Medical Center, a division of Essent Healthcare. The health network is the largest employer in the Paris area.

Outside of healthcare, the largest employers are Kimberly-Clark, and Campbell's Soup.

 
 
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