KOSHER DELIGHT - YOUR JEWISH ONLINE MAGAZINE!
JEWISH AMARILLO, TEXAS:
Lighthouse pinnacle in Palo
Duro Canyon. The canyon system is located south of the city.
January 24, 2006. Photo:
Amarillo (English pronunciation:
/śməˈrɪlɵ/) is the
14th-largest city, by population, in the state of
Texas, the largest in the
Texas Panhandle, and the
Potter County. A portion of the
city extends into
Randall County. The population was
190,695 at the
2010 census. The
Amarillo metropolitan area has an
estimated population of 236,113 in four counties.
Amarillo, originally named Oneida, is situated in
Llano Estacado region.
The availability of the railroad and freight
service provided by the
Fort Worth and Denver City Railroad
contributed to the city's growth as a cattle marketing center in the
late 19th century.
Amarillo is the regional economic center for
the Texas Panhandle, and is economically important to
Eastern New Mexico and the
The city was once the
Capital of the World" for having one of the country's most
productive helium fields.
The city is also known as "The Yellow Rose of
Texas" (as the city takes its name from the Spanish word for
and most recently "Rotor City, USA" for its
V-22 Osprey hybrid aircraft
Amarillo operates one of the largest
meat packing areas in the United
Pantex, the only
nuclear weapons assembly and
disassembly facility in the country, is also a major employer. The
Cadillac Ranch and
Big Texan Steak Ranch were located
U.S. Highway 66 also passed through
Amarillo is located near the middle of the Texas
Panhandle and is part of the Llano Estacado or Staked Plains region
which has a surface that is relatively flat and has little drainage
in the soil. Due to the lack of developed drainage, much of the
rainfall either evaporates, infiltrates into the ground, or
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the
city has a total area of 90.3 square miles (234 km2),
with 89.9 sq mi (233 km2) of it is land and 0.4 sq mi
(1.0 km2) of it (0.50%) is water. The Amarillo
metropolitan area is the
180th-largest in the United States
with a population of 236,113 in four counties:
Carson, Potter, and Randall.
About 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Amarillo is
Canadian River, which divides the
southern part of the
High Plains to form the Llano
Estacado. The river is
dammed to form
Lake Meredith, a major source of
drinking water in the Texas Panhandle region.
The city is situated near the Panhandle
Field, in a productive gas and oil area, covering 200,000 acres
(800 km2) in
Collingsworth counties. The Potter
County portion had the nation's largest natural gas reserve.
Approximately 25 miles (40 km) south of
Amarillo is the canyon system,
Palo Duro Canyon.
The underground structures known as Amarillo
Mountains are an extension of the
Oklahoma and the
Arkansas and Oklahoma. They are
some one thousand feet underground. The range was discovered by
pioneer oilmen. Some of the peaks are believed to be 10,000 feet
(3,000 m) high.
The median income for a household in
the city was $34,940, and the median income for a family
was $42,536. Males had a median income of $31,321 versus
$22,562 for females. The
per capita income for
the city was $18,621. About 11.1% of families and 14.5%
of the population were below the
poverty line, including
19.6% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or
KOSHER DELIGHT - YOUR JEWISH ONLINE MAGAZINE! כושר דילייט - מגזין
החדשות והמידע מהעולם היהודי ומישראל, כולל מסעדות כשרות, בתי כנסת ועוד ועוד