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  JEWISH AND KOSHER OHIO, USA    הקהילה היהודית באוהיו, ארה"ב

JEWISH AND KOSHER UNITED STATES OF AMERICA      הקהילה היהודית בארה"ב

 
 
 
   OHIO, USA  
 

JEWISH AND KOSHER ASHTABULA, OHIO:

Aerial view of the port at Ashtabula, Ohio, USA. The city is a major port for loading coal from trains onto ships. View is to the northeast over Lake Erie. Author: Ken Winters, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, October 28, 1992
Aerial view of the port at Ashtabula, Ohio, USA. The city is a major port for loading coal from trains onto ships. View is to the northeast over Lake Erie. Author: Ken Winters, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, October 28, 1992

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Ashtabula, Ohio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ashtabula (pronounced /ʃtəˈbjuːlə/ ash-tə-bew-lə) is a city in Ashtabula County, Ohio, United States, and the center of the Ashtabula Micropolitan Statistical Area (as defined by the United States Census Bureau in 2003). A major location on the Underground Railroad in the middle 19th century, the city today is a major coal port on Lake Erie at the mouth of the Ashtabula River northeast of Cleveland. The name Ashtabula means "river of many fish" in the Iroquois language. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 20,962.

Poet Carl Sandburg wrote a poem titled "Crossing Ohio when Poppies Bloom in Ashtabula." There is also a novel called The King from Ashtabula by Vern Sneider, published in 1960. The city is also mentioned in the Bob Dylan song "You're Gonna Make Me Lonesome When You Go".

Ashtabula hosts an annual Blessing of the Fleet Celebration, usually in late May or early June. As part of the celebration, a procession and prayer service is held at Ashtabula Harbor. Ashtabula was also home of the FinnFestUSA in 2007.

History

Ashtabula was founded in 1803 and incorporated in 1891. The city contains several former stops on the Underground Railroad which was used to convey African-American slaves to freedom in Canada in the years before the American Civil War. Among the stops is Hubbard House, one of the handful of termination points. Ex-slaves would reside in a basement of the house adjacent to the lake and then leave on the next safe boat to Canada, gaining their freedom once they arrived in Ontario. Its harbor has been a large ore and coal port since the end of the 19th century and continues to be to some extent with a long coal ramp draping across the horizon in the current harbor and the ore shipments unloaded from lakers that is sent down to the steel mills of Pennsylvania.

Many newcomers to Ashtabula in the late 19th century and early 20th century were immigrants from Finland, Sweden, and Italy. Ethnic rivalries among these groups were once a major influence on daily life in Ashtabula. A substantial percentage of the current residents are descended from those immigrants. The population in the City of Ashtabula grew steadily until 1970, since when it has been declining just as steadily.

Rail history

On December 29, 1876, one of the nation's most notorious rail accidents occurred, known as the Ashtabula Horror, and the Ashtabula River Railroad bridge disaster, Ashtabula, Ohio, United States. As Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway Train No. 5, The Pacific Express, crossed the Ashtabula River bridge, the Howe truss structure collapsed, dropping the second locomotive of two and 11 passenger cars into the frozen creek 150 feet (46 m) below. A fire was started by the car stoves, and of the 159 people on board, 64 were injured and 92 killed.

Port

The 1900s saw great changes in Ashtabula. Its access to Lake Erie and nearly 30 miles (48 km) of shoreline helped position Ashtabula as a major shipping and commercial center.

During the 1950s, the area experienced growth with its expanding chemical industry and increasing harbor activity, making Ashtabula one of the most important port cities of the Great Lakes. Historical industries in the area included a Rockwell International plant on Route 20 on the western side of Ashtabula that manufactured brakes for the Space Shuttle program and the extrusion of depleted and enriched uranium at the Reactive Metals Extrusion plant on East 21st Street, prompting the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to, as recently as 1990 (the year the plant ceased operations), place Ashtabula on its list of expected primary nuclear targets for the Soviet Union.

Ashtabula Harbor hosts an annual Blessing of the Fleet community festival. The origin of the Blessing of the Fleet can be traced to Portuguese and Irish fisherman and tugmen who settled in Ashtabula. Sometime in the 1930s, the Blessing of the Fleet was a small, almost private affair in early April conducted by a few tugmen, their parish priest, and an acolyte. By 1950, it had become a public ceremony under the auspices of Mother of Sorrows parish. In 1974, the Blessing of the Fleet became a community affair involving all of Ashtabula's religious and harbor community. Today the Blessing is held annually, usually in late May. The Coast Guard Station and the Harbor Museum and other sites have been established to preserve Ashtabula's maritime heritage.

Geography

Ashtabula is located at 4152′38″N 8047′49″W / 41.87722N 80.79694W / 41.87722; -80.79694 (41.877138, -80.796976)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.7 square miles (19.9 km2), of which 7.6 square miles (19.7 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2) (2.20%) is water.

Ashtabula borders Lake Erie to the north and has a prominent harbor where the Ashtabula River flows into the lake. The Ashtabula Harbor was a primary coal harbor and still serves to ship . It has two public beaches: Walnut Beach, near the harbor, and Lake Shore Park, originally a Public Works Administration project, on the opposite side of the harbor.

The Ashtabula River and harbor are a significant superfund site due to past industrial abuse of the waterway.

Part of the city lies in Ashtabula Township, and part lies in Saybrook Township.

The Ashtabula area receives a considerable amount of snow throughout the winter with the average snowfall being 68 inches. Much of the snow comes from lake-effect snow bands.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 20,962 people, 8,435 households, and 5,423 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,775.9 people per square mile (1,072.0/km). There were 9,151 housing units at an average density of 1,211.8 per square mile (468.0/km). The racial makeup of the city was 84.69% White, 9.79% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.51% from other races, and 2.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.32% of the population. 16.5% were of Italian, 14.6% German, 9.2% American, 8.1% Irish and 8.1% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 93.1% spoke English and 5.4% Spanish as their first language.

There were 8,435 households out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,354, and the median income for a family was $33,454. Males had a median income of $28,436 versus $22,490 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,034. About 17.8% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.2% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over. Shopping Centers Ashtabula Towne Square

Education

The Ashtabula Area City School District serves Ashtabula (its high school, Lakeside High School, is located outside of the city). Kent State University at Ashtabula is also located in Ashtabula.

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JEWISH AND KOSHER OHIO, USA:

  1. BY CITIES  לפי שמות ערים

  2. CHABAD CENTERS בתי חב"ד

  3. ERUV עירוב

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  5. JEWISH CAMPS מחנות קיץ יהודיים

  6. JEWISH CEMETERIES בתי קברות יהודיים

  7. JEWISH HOSPITALS בתי חולים יהודיים

  8. JEWISH MUSEUMS מוזיאונים יהודיים

  9. JEWISH ORGANIZATIONS ארגונים יהודיים

  10. JEWISH SCHOOLS בתי ספר יהודיים

  11. JEWISH SENIOR SERVICES בתי אבות יהודיים

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  14. KOSHER HOTELS אולמות אירועים עם כשרות

  15. MIKVAOT  מקוואות

  16. SYNAGOGUES בתי כנסת


 
   
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