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The city of Amsterdam is surrounded on the north, east, and west sides by the town of Amsterdam. The Mohawk River runs through the city. The majority of the city lies on the north bank, but the Port Jackson area on the south side is also part of the city.
It was first settled about 1710 by the Dutch. The community was called Veeders Mills and Veedersburgh after Albert Veeder, an early mill owner, but was changed to Amsterdam in 1803. In 1773, Guy Johnson built Guy Park, a stone Georgian mansion, but as a Loyalist, he fled to Canada during the Revolution.
A community in the town of Amsterdam incorporated as a village on April 20, 1830 from a section of the town of Amsterdam. New charters in 1854, 1865, and 1875 increased the size of the village. In 1885, Amsterdam became a city, which was subsequently increased in size again by annexation of the former village of Port Jackson, which became the fifth ward of the city.
The completion of the Erie Canal in 1825 was an economic boon to the city.
A dam on the Chuctenunda River, finished in 1875, allowed the city to become an important manufacturing area, primarily of carpets.
The Mohawk River, along with the Erie Canal, passes through the south part of the city. The Chuctanunda River flows into the Mohawk at Amsterdam.
New York State Route 30, a north-south highway called Market Street in part, crosses the Mohawk River to link the main part of Amsterdam to the New York State Thruway. NY-30 also intersects east west highways New York State Route 5 and New York State Route 67 in the city. New York State Route 5S passes along the south side of the Mohawk River.
Amsterdam is currently within New York's 21st congressional district.
There were 7,983 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.4% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.3% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 84.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.2 males.
The median income
for a household in the city was $27,517,
and the median income for a family was
$37,169. Males had a median income of
$31,397 versus $23,681 for females. The
per capita income for the city was
$16,680. 16.3% of the population and
12.4% of families were below the
poverty line. 25.1% of those under
the age of 18 and 12.4% of those 65 and
older were living below the poverty
The enclosed shopping center, formerly known as the Amsterdam Mall and currently named the Amsterdam Riverfront Center, is now home to the offices of doctors and politicians, radio station WCSS, and an off-track betting location.
Amsterdam is also home to the Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum, the only brick-and-mortar organization dedicated to the many legends of professional wrestling. The annual inducation ceremony attracts wrestling fans from around the world.