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ITALY: UMBRIA: TODI: טודי

  Region: Region Capital: Other Province Capitals: Other Important Cities:
10. Umbria Perugia   Assisi, Gubbio, Orvieto, Todi
Spoleto
, Terni

TODI:  ||Map || How to get there  || History || Todi on the NET


1. Regional Map

©Paolo Lazari Designer


2. HOW TO GET THERE:

By car www.autostrade.it
 For those arriving from the North exits:
· Motorway A1, Firenze-Roma (del Sole) Valdichiana gate, straight   to Perugia-Terni (E45).
· Motorway A1, Firenze-Roma (del Sole) Orvieto gate, follow signs for Todi (SS448).
· Motorway A14, Cesena gate, follow signs for Perugia-Todi (E45).
· Motorway A14, Fano gate, follow signs for Gubbio-Todi.SS Flaminia.

 For those arriving from the South exits:
· Motorway A1, Firenze-Roma (del Sole), Orte gate, straight to Terni-Perugia-Cesena (E45).
· Motorway A14, Pescara gate, straight to l'Aquila (Motorway A25), since Rieti-Terni (E80) follow signs to Perugia-Todi
· Motorway A14, Civitanova Marche follow signs for Foligno-Todi. SS. 77

By Railway www.treniitalia.com
 For those arriving from the North line:
· Firenze-Terontola-Perugia- St. P. San Giovanni-Todi.
· Ancona-Falconara-Foligno-Perugia-St. P. San Giovanni.
· Ponte San Giovanni-Todi.

 For those arriving from the South line:
· Roma-Orte-Terni-Todi.
· L'Aquila-Rieti-Terni-Todi.
· Terni-Todi.

By plane
· S. Egidio airport (km 50). www.airport.umbria.it
· Amerigo Vespucci airport - Peretola FI (km190). www.safnet.it
· Leonardo Da Vinci airport - Fiumicino Roma (km145) www.adr.it
  (Daily link from and to Todi by bus and train)

By bus
· Route and time-table. www.umbriatrasporti.it

How to visit Todi's environ -
Car Hire and Taxi



3. TODI - HISTORY:

"... the first brother of the King of Chiusi founded the town.. He was looking for a suitable place to build his town and he eventually chose the hill Collemezzo. But something considered as a good omen occurred. An eagle appeared. It had two eaglets under its wings. They were different in colour and unlike the mother who held in her claws a small cloth. The eagle let the cloth fall on a hill and the king thought it as a suitable place to lay foundations...."

Todi was founded by the Umbrian Veii, who settled on the East of the Tiber. The town's Etruscan name, Tutere, or border, probably indicates the town's strategic function of providing the Etruscans with frontier settlements along the Tiber ( around 700 before Christ). Then in 340 b.C. Rome conquered the town. During the wars against Hannibal the town had earned its praiseworthly apppellative "marzia", referring to the god Mars. In 69 b.C. it became a colonia Julia fida Tuder, and it also had its own monetary system. Although a period of ceaseless battles between the two opposing factions of the Guelfs and Ghibellines, Todi remained a free medieval town, reaching its greatest territorial expansion by first overcoming Terni in 1217, and then Amelia in 1208. In fact, the eagle, adopted as a coat of arms, appears with two eaglets under its spread wings representing the towns of Amelia and Terni. After having lost its autonomy in 1368, Todi finally became part of the Vatican States.From the beginning of 1400's, Todi began a period of slow decline and in 1523 it saw its population decimated by the plague. Thanks to Bishop Angelo Cesi, who held the bishopric uninterruptedly from 1566 to 1606 the town seemed to recover and make progress again. The building of a number of important private palazzi enhanced the town during this period.In the 17th and 18th century the French, Spanish and German troops who rambled through the country made the town poorer and poorer. Todi is compelled by the seesawing policy of the Pope now to offer help to visitors then to oppose strongly with large expenditure of money.When Napoleon Bonaparte conquered Todi in 1809 and annexed the Papal State, Todi became Chief of Circondario with Sottoprefettura of 1st order. And after Spoleto, it became the most important centre of Trasimeno Department.After Napoleon, the clergy became stricter, so many people took part in the Italian Risorgimento as members of the Carbonari and the Giovine Italia. In 1849 Garibaldi visited Todi, who was reasonably impressed by its great defensive system. Anita Garibaldi's saddle is exhibited in the Town Museum. It was left behind when she passed through Todi in an advanced state of pregnancy. A saddler made a more comfortable one for her. Many citizens joined Garibaldi so enthusiastically that they wore Garibaldi's red shirts and they made the town enter the Reign of Italy. To fortify the town the Etruscan provide it with the first circle of walls, using travertine stones to build a dry wall. Then the Romans built the second circle of walls due to the increase of the population and of the rising power. The third circle of walls, completed in 1244 and still intact, is four kilometres long. It was built to enclose the medieval town, divided into six districts.


4. TODI ON THE NET:

 


Sources: